Clinical Oral Pathology / Oral Medicine

Clinical Oral Medicine

Oral medicine is concerned with the clinical diagnosis and non-surgical management of diseases affecting the orofacial region (mouth and the lower face).

  • Facial Pain
  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (TMD) – Problems with the jaw and the muscles in the face that control it. It often causes severe pain and discomfort which can be temporary or last many years. May affect one or both sides of the face.
  • Trigeminal Neuralgia- a condition where the patient has episodes of severe, sudden, shock-like pain on one side of the face that last for seconds to a few minutes.
  • Salivary Gland Disorders – problems associated with the salivary gland that is responsible for the production of saliva in the mouth.
  • Bell’s Palsy – is a paralysis or weakness of the muscles on one side of the face. This occurs due to damage to the facial nerve.

Clinical Oral Pathology

Oral Pathology is concerned with diagnosis and study of the causes and effects of diseases affecting the oral and maxillofacial region.


  • Leukoplakia – a condition where areas of firmly attached white patches are seen on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity.



  • Lichen Planus – an inflammatory condition that affects mucous membrane of the mouth. It appears as white, lacy patches; red, swollen tissues or open sores.




  • Oral Submucous Fibrosis (OSMF) – highly potent and chronic pre-cancerous condition that affects a various portion of the oral cavity and pharynx. The jaws become rigid that the patient is unable to open their mouth.


  • Erythroplakia – is a premalignant lesion which appears as smooth or velvety, granular or nodular fiery red patches in the mouth.


  • Benign Tumours (Papilloma of Palate) – are noncancerous growths in the body. They develop when the cells in the body divide and grow at an excessive rate.


  • Malignant Tumours – are made up of cells that grow out of control. These cells can invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body.